A cost-effective framework for the optimal placement of drones in smart cities
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This chapter presents the existing studies related to the use of unmanned aerial vehicles in the internet of things era. It outlines problem description and the proposed framework. The chapter discusses the performance metrics, results, and findings of the study. It aims to monitor the intelligent transport system with drones by monitoring a specific target or area. The chapter proposes a cost-effective framework to minimize the total number of drones required to monitor the environment while providing the maximum visionary coverage for the target. Optimal drone placement problem and cost-effective target coverage of drones are extensively investigated in several studies. For example, the optimal placement of a group of drones is considered in, with the assumption that a large number of drones are available to cover a group of mobile targets. The chapter deals with a cost minimization problem related to the optimal placement of drones to monitor a set of static or dynamic targets.