Documentation studies and material researches of Ramazan Semseddin Mosque in Ankara
Kuleli, Ayşe Esin
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Adobe has been used by the human being as a building material since the first settling ages in Anatolia. It was preferred as an economical building material that could easily be found in the immediate surroundings. Especially in the inner parts of the country, mudbrick was used in the construction of many historical buildings. In this context, it can be said that adobe was a preferred building material for a period of time in Ankara. If the development of Ankara is examined in the historical process, it is understood that Ankara is a city which covers the urban spaces and structures belonging to the previous periods. In and around the citadel, which is the center of the city throughout history, the structures of the Roman Period, as well as Seljuk, Ottoman, and Republican Periods can be seen together. After the city became a Turkish land, many buildings with commercial, social and religious functions were built. Some of these structures couldn't survive and some survived by losing their architectural properties and historical value. A large number of mosques were built in the city during the construction activities carried out in the Ottoman period. Ramazan Şemseddin Mosque, which is located in the inner citadel in Ankara, is one of those religious buildings constructed during the Ottoman period. According to the researches, it is estimated that the mosque was built in the early 17th century. It is understood that stone was used in the construction of the wall foundations of the mosque and the upper parts were built by using mud bricks and its supported by wooden beams. In this study, some part of documentation studies of Ramazan Şemseddin Mosque, its conservation problems, material researches and results of the analysis are presented.