Mathematical model of the ventricular action potential and effects of isoproterenol-induced cardiac hypertrophy in rats
Şengül Ayan, Sevgi
Sırcan, Ahmet K.
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Mathematical action potential (AP) modeling is a well-established but still-developing area of research to better understand physiological and pathological processes. In particular, changes in AP mechanisms in the isoproterenol (ISO) -induced hypertrophic heart model are incompletely understood. Here we present a mathematical model of the rat AP based on recordings from rat ventricular myocytes. In our model, for the first time, all channel kinetics are defined with a single type of function that is simple and easy to apply. The model AP and channels dynamics are consistent with the APs recorded from rats for both Control (absence of ISO) and ISO-treated cases. Our mathematical model helps us to understand the reason for the prolongation in AP duration after ISO application while ISO treatment helps us to validate our mathematical model. We reveal that the smaller density and the slower gating kinetics of the transient K+ current help explain the prolonged AP duration after ISO treatment and the increasing amplitude of the rapid and the slow inward rectifier currents also contribute to this prolongation alongside the flux in Ca2+ currents. ISO induced an increase in the density of the Na+ current that can explain the faster upstroke. We believe that AP dynamics from rat ventricular myocytes can be reproduced very well with this mathematical model and that it provides a powerful tool for improved insights into the underlying dynamics of clinically important AP properties such as ISO application.