An audit on application of traffic calming devices in Korkuteli-Tefenni road district
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Traffic is defined as the state and movement of pedestrians, animals, goods and vehicles. Traffic cannot be defined as a system of roads in which only flow is directed, because traffic must be harmonized. One of the ways to do this is traffic calming implementation which are applications designed to calm traffic and decrease crash rates. The main goal is to reduce speed of vehicles, increase pedestrian and cyclist safety, decrease noise of traffic, provide a smooth traffic flow. In this study, the data was collected from an official website presenting traffic volumes of highways. Accordingly, considering trade-offs and location audit, the most convenient site was chosen in Korkuteli-Tefenni road district with the help of traffic calming devices and their utility attributes. Then, the most appropriate horizontal traffic calming as center blisters or slow points (chicanes) that effectively calm traffic was applied. According to our analysis, the results basically show that slow points are more operative and advantageous than center blisters for the particular location selected. Our study also proved that, compared to the literature, because while center blisters remain ineffective on the traffic volume, slow points can reduce the average traffic volume up to a certain degree.