Project transferring water from Turkey to Cyprus Island
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The island of Cyprus, like other Mediterranean islands, is located in a semi-arid climate zone. Since the annual rainfall in the region is low and it only rains in winter, drought and water shortages have been experienced throughout the history on the island and are still being experienced now. In this study, firstly, the climate and water resources of the island of Cyprus were evaluated. Then, some water resources projects carried out in Southern Cyprus are summarized. In addition, some investigations made to meet the increasing water demand were evaluated. On the other hand, in 2015, a water transfer project was carried out from Turkey to Northern Cyprus with pipes laid under the sea. After evaluating this water project according to today's conditions, the current water situation of Northern Cyprus was examined. Finally, the situation of meeting the agricultural water needed in the region and the climate change and the studies that need to be done for adaptation is emphasized.